How Jeans Industry can be Sustainable through Technology

How Jeans Industry can be Sustainable through Technology

The denim jeans industry is considered as one the most polluting industry of the world especially in terms of water and chemical. The production and washing of one pair denim jeans consumes over 900 gallons of water. It is estimated that almost five billion pairs of jeans are currently produced in every year. And for the production of this, almost 420 million gallons of water is consumed. Moreover, 900,000 tons of chemicals are used in different washing and finishing processes. The water which is used in the manufacturing processes, get contaminated and this polluted water sent back to our rivers, lakes and oceans. As per the World Bank estimation, almost 20% of global industrial water pollution comes from the textile and Jeans Industry. In China, the textile industry pumps-out 2.5 billion tons of polluted water every year.

Jeans Industry Efforts Towards Sustainability:

The Global women’s wear industry reached worth nearly $621 billion. Whereas, the global men’s wear industry reached worth nearly $400 billion and children’s wear industry is worth $186 billion. This abnormal increase is also ruining our nature and its resources during dyeing and production.  And due to fast fashion trend, soon it turned as sheer burden on environment in the shape of waste clothes. Keeping in the view the whole scenario, the jeans industry people started working on the substantial changes in production processes. So that they could satisfy their consumer’s fashion lust without damaging the nature. Thanks to the technology people who strived a lot to give us multiple sustainable manufacturing options to the jeans industry.

Jeanolgia Technology:

Currently, there are so many organizations which researched a lot on the conventional way of jeans industry production process. Till-to-date, fortunately, we have multiple options through which we can meet the current fashion trends without damaging our natural resources. Jeanolgia is also one of those who contributed a lot to make this world more sustainable through eco-friendly production processes. For jeans industry, they focused on two factors which we already discussed above i.e. water and chemical consumption. As per the company, their goal is to reduce the pollution upto 50% which is caused by jeans industry. And for this, they have introduced different technologies like G2 ozone and  eFlow nanobubbles technology. By the help of which you can reduce an average 20 litres of water, 05 grams chemical and 01 kw/h energy.

Not only this, their awesome technology named “One Glass One Garment” is a tremendous achievement towards environment sustainalbity. Yes, it’s possible now that you can develop garment by using only one glass of water. No doubt, it’s milestone in a garment production process as you can safe million gallons of water through this technology. This is why, currently 20% of the global jeans industry is using Jeanolgia technology. All the big and famous brands like Abercrombie & Fitch, Levi’s, Diesel, Polo Jeans, Replay, Pepe Jeans, Hilfiger Denim, CK, Jack & Jones, Lee, Edwin Japan and other big retailers like GAP, H & M, Uniqlo and M & S are currently using their technology extensively. Not only this, if we look at the world then their technology is using in 05 continents and specifically in 60 countries. The main countries include United States, Pakistan, Japan, Russia, Bangladesh, Turkey, India, and Vietnam.

Alliance for Responsible Denim:

Alliance for Responsible Denim is an initiative which was started a year ago. And it was launched by the Hogeschool van Amsterdam, House of Denim, Circle Economy and Made-By. The famous International brands G-Star, Mud Jeans, Nudie Jeans with join hands some small but famous denim labels like Kings of Indigo, Kuyichi, Cool Cat, Just Brands and Imps & Elfs are the first brands to join this initiative. Along with that, the leading denim mills named Bossa, Kilim Denim, Orta Anadolu, Tavex and Tejidos Royo as well as 02 yarn mills were also in first movers list.

The main aim of this collaboration was to make jeans industry smarter, cleaner along with sustainable production processes. As per the alliance members, they are looking for the ways that how they can improve the denim finish in a more sustainable way. Secondly, they are collaborating with the mills to develop such recycled fabric which would come-up with the demands of end-users. And last-but-not-least, they are also encouraging brands to use these recycled fabrics for their upcoming collections. Uptill now, this collaboration developed 40 different fabrics with different percentage of recycled fabric varying from 10% -25%. Now they are trying to stimulate brands to use these fabrics into their collection so that they can mutually contribute towards green environment.

Some Closing Lines:

There are so many other techniques and group of people who are striving to save the nature and natural resources. Some are offering products or methods so that processes or final products can be enhanced towards sustainability. And other are supporting from every aspect to those people who are working for better environment. Sustainability is a name of continues efforts and can’t be stopped at any stage. Every day and every moment we need something new or more refine so that we could influence less to green natural environment from man-made chemicals and other products.

Why Water Pollution is More Critical Than You Think

 Why Water Pollution is More Critical Than You Think

Water is life and it’s a main driving force for all living creatures of our planet. As per Slovakian proverb, “Pure water is the world’s first and foremost medicine”. We as human beings are the solely responsible for the pollution of this precious natural resource. Scientists are continuously discovering the reasons of water pollution. And as per their findings, one of the main reason of water pollution is our industries and especially the textile and clothing industry. No doubt the textile and clothing sector is catering the basic needs of the human beings. But on the other hand, it is also the main cause of water pollution and shortage.

As most of the industrial processing operations are totally depend upon water. The world’s environment organizations are really concerned about environment as well as water pollution issue. Now, they are working together to find out the ways for pollution free world.

Water Pollution in Textile & Clothing:

As mentioned earlier the textile and clothing industry is major entity of water consumption and pollution. The whole fabric making (De-sizing, Scouring, Bleaching and Mercerizing) and garment manufacturing (denim/non-woven laundry) process requires the plenty of water. And the water discharge from fabric and garment making process has full of hazardous chemical and metals.

Although there are ways to treat the water for reusable yet the treatment solution is a bit costly. And most of the small and medium mills avoid to install such pricey treatment plant into their production facility. So, when the untreated water of the mills dilutes into our rivers and lakes then it causes the sever health and environment issues.

Fashion Industry Trends:

The other studies show that the “micro-plastic” is a major component of synthetic clothing which is polluting our water. And it is worse than already banned plastic “microbeads” from cosmetics. And one more recent studies proves “microfibers” from synthetic clothing pollute water even worse than “micro-plastics”.

As per the recent research study of International Union for Conservation of Nature, the micro plastics contribute up to 31% in ocean’s annual pollution. And almost two third of this pollution derive from synthetic textile and car’s tyres. And other than industrial processing; these micro-plastics also enter into the water in everyday home wash and driving. As per study, a new fleece jacket release 1.7 grams of microfibers on each home wash. And polluting content quantity would be double in case of old jacket. This polluted water with microfibers (which is more harmful than micro plastics) directly affect the sea world. These microfibers absorb chemicals and penetrate into animal tissues in a high quantity.

The pollution rate of micro-plastic and microfibers varies country to country. As per recent research on fishes of Indonesia and America, the Indonesian fish was more contaminated with plastic whereas the American fish was infected with microfibers. In few countries car’s tyres causes the main pollution of micro plastics. Whereas, in other continents, synthetic textile is the main reason of micro-plastic pollution.

Water Saving Measures:

Keeping in view the present scenario, we should be more careful about the main causes of microfibers and micro-plastics pollution. And for this, we should make such clothes which uses high quality of natural fibers. We should change our washing instruments by adding washing bag and filters so that it can stop the debris and other fabric fibers.

For industrial processing, the Control Union (CU) issued new standard named Global Recycle Standard (GRS) for wastewater and chemicals. As per the standards, the wastewater treatment and chemical (sustainable chemical) usage should be in accordance with GOTS and Oekotex 100 standards.  The certification and installation cost of water treatment plant is high so small business normally owners avoid to do this. So, here the Govt. should take some productive measures and combine the industrial units at one place. In this way, they can share the combine water treatment plant and other mutual benefits for cost savings. Furthermore, the Govt. should take measures to promote the “World Water Day” (22nd March) theme (“Why Waste Water”). So, that everyone should know the importance of this valuable natural resource.