The growing usage of wearable technology is transforming the pattern of people’s life. And now its application in fashion industry is revolutionizing the whole industry’s trends and objectives. As per Allied Market Research, in year 2015, the wearable market was valued US$ 19.6 billion. And till year 2022, it is expected to grow around US$57.5 billion (with a compound growth 16.2% annually). Whereas, the growth rate of smart wearable textile is 40% annually and with a prediction of US$2.5 billion by year 2021.
The usage of sensors, heating elements or even battery charging devices in wearables is a normal example in smart textile. The military, hospitals and sports wears are the best potential segments for such kind of smart wearable. And by adding such gadgets, you can check the heart rate, breathing, skin temperature, perspiration level etc.
Wearable Technology Health Gains:
As discussed earlier, the usage of the wearable gadgets contributing a lot in the health sector. By applying these wearables you can get better results of patient treatment with physical injury and functional disabilities. And not only this, you can also avoid injury for patients at risk. Moreover, with the help of muscle and motion sensors, you can get useful data of the patient’s biomechanics. And this will be helpful for the health experts to advice better prescription.
As far as the affects of these gadgets on human health is concern, this thing already under consideration of the tech experts. So, the frequencies levels are in between 450MHZ and 2700 MHZ. Whereas, the power levels are 0.1 Watts and 2 Watts (which are safe for human health and body).
World’s Efforts Towards Wearable Technology:
Since the R&D work is going in recent phase so the quality parameters are considered on top priority basis. So, the quality of smart wearable textile is especially develop on high performance features and standards. As per the Vice-President of Intertek Testing Services, ” all wearable technology had to be carefully tested to ensure it met strict manufacturing requirements”. Anyhow, the research and development teams are striving their best to launch such technologies which are best both for human and the world’s environment. And for this, a lot of projects are already in queue from the different nations of the world (See our other article named Wearable Technology and E-Textile)
The climate of the world is going to increase every year. As per experts, over past fifty years, the average global temperature is going upward at its fastest rate. And still experts are predicting that the trend is continuously accelerating. So, keeping in view, the recent climate situation, every sector of the life is striving their best to develop something productive to help the human being and environment. The contribution of smart textile and materials toward technology that offer the wearer increase functionality is slow but gradual. And the usage of smart materials based products is really high especially in military and defense and health care sector . Now, the smart textile is also striving to contribute something in clothing which offers cool-clothing to overcome the heat feeling.
Cooling Smart Materials Theme:
As described earlier, the research and development department of textile industry is continuously finding for the betterment of this industry. Moreover, they are not only seeking for better options but they are also focusing on cost effectiveness of the solution. The research and development department of Stanford University is right now focusing on climate issue. And they are extensively working on such plastic smart materials which cools the wearer. The motive of such cost effective solution is to save the energy. And as per the R&D people they are formulating such clothing smart materials which has the feature to keep the wearer cool in the hot climate. As per the Yi Cui (associate professor Stanford), If you can cool the person rather than the building where they work or live that will save energy.”
Plastic materials Clothing:
As per the R&D team, the plastic smart materials enable the wearer body to discharge the heat in various way. And this discharge will cause to reduce the temperature up to 04 degree Fahrenheit. So, the wearer will experience the coolant feeling as compare to cotton clothing. The integration of nanotechnology, chemistry and photonics which provides polythene properties of the clingy plastic which is normally use as kitchen wraps. Moreover, this solid (but see through) materials also allow thermal radiation, water and air to pass through. Since it has the features of polyethylene food wrap, so the infrared radiation also goes through from it easily. The whole process of this development is really challenging and difficult. But the research team is tackling each and every step very effectively and diligently.
At start of this research work, the researchers revealed an alternative of polyethylene that is normally used in batteries. The said smart materials (specific nanostructure) has the same characteristics like dense to light and transparent to infrared radiation which allow heat escape from body. Moreover, the treatment with bengin chemicals has modified the polyethylene with added features to let water vapor molecules that evaporate through the nano pores in the plastic. The initial experiment output was the development of single-sheet material that complied with the three standard criteria for cooling fabric. The research team is continuously working on this theme and trying to make it more versatile. And the versatility in materials will be like adding more colors options, texture and other cloth characteristics in the material.